Large yellow and green'Zitlala Tigre' jaguar masks made with leather, mirror, and boar bristles. Part of a collection of vintage indigenous Mexican folk art dance masks and costumes from the southwestern state of Guerrero.Acquired in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico in 1995 from reputable Mexican dealer who worked directly with local village artisans. These masks and sculptures were used as part of traditional dance ceremonies used to pray for fertility, farming, and protection of the community, a tradition extending back thousands of years and a well-established part of ritual life in Mexico when the Spanish arrived.
Performances typically took place on saints' feast days, Carnival, and civic holidays, with dances, parades, and mock battles. Themes include Christians and Moors, Cortes and Spanish soldiers vs.Aztecs and other indigenous groups, priests, angels, devils, wild animals, mermaids, fishing, and agriculture. Notable dances include the Tres Potencias (Three Powers), Siete Vicios (Seven Vices), and Los Ocho Locos (The Eight Fools), which grew out of morality plays introduced by Spanish missionaries, where a war between good and evil is acted out with masked characters. The Danza de los Tigres, also known as the Pelea de Tigres, is perhaps one of the most iconic rituals.
Stemming from 3000 years of Nahua tradition, fused with the Catholic festival of Santa Cruz, villages across the Guerrero highlands each celebrate with their own dance/battle variations and unique jaguar ('tigre') costumes. In Zitlala, the tecuani (literally'man-eaters') adorn different colors to represent their respective barrios (yellow for sunshine, green for good harvest). The ensuing mock battles offer spilled'blood' to Tlaloc, the god of rain, ensuring a plentiful season to come.
Colors: yellow, green, red, black. Material: leather, mirror, boar bristles.Single previous owner: belonged to my mother, an avid art collector and professional architect; studied art history at Stanford undergrad, specializing in the Americas / folk art. Well cared for in a smoke-free environment. Please note these are vintage artworks used in community processionals with visible signs of wear consistent with age and use. Please see additional listings for more from this art collection, including several rare, high-quality pieces of Mexican folk art. The item "Vintage Mexican Jaguar Dance Mask Set Zitlala Tigre Guerrero Mexico Folk Art" is in sale since Sunday, July 8, 2018.
This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Latin American\Mexico\Masks". The seller is "raufuiste" and is located in San Francisco, California.
This item can be shipped worldwide.